Tuesday, August 1, 2017

Adapting the measurement of youth entrepreneurship potential in a marginalised context: The case of Mindanao, Philippines

Authors: Cynthia Lai; Domenico Dentoni; Catherine Chan; Elma M. Neyra

New CAFE logo, Mindanao, Philippines (2015). Source: cafemindanao.org

Societal Impact: This study was instrumental to select out-of-school youth (18-24 years old) to participate in an entrepreneurial education program (called UPLOAD JOBS and funded by USAID) in Central Cotabato, Mindanao, The Philippines. As an outcome of the program, 16 start-ups procuring and marketing local agri-food products were created - including banana chips, mushrooms, coco sugar, squash jam, nuts, soap, empanadas, etc. Moreover, as an outcome of the program, the Center for Agricultural & Farmland Entrepreneurship (CAFE) was founded - to support and integrate the entrepreneurial thinkers of Mindanao, including private and public sector individuals, entrepreneurs, farmers, businesses, government, non-government and community organisations.

Map of Central Cotabato, Mindanao, The Philippines, were data collection and program were grounded.

Abstract: Few studies have so far discussed how to measure youth entrepreneurship potential, a critical construct to enhance the success and performance outcomes of entrepreneurship education programs. This article investigates the adaptation of a measurement model of youth entrepreneurship potential, which a psychology strand of the extant entrepreneurship literature from the USA and Europe identified as characteristics of 'successful' future entrepreneurs. Two subsequent questionnaires were administered to measure youth entrepreneurship potential as part of an entrepreneurship education program in Mindanao, Philippines, a marginalised context. The first questionnaire had scales based on personality traits of autonomy, need for achievement, innovativeness and risk-taking propensity as per the extant literature, while the second had adapted scales to the local context. A confirmatory factor analysis tested the effectiveness of both measurement models. Results indicated that the locally adapted measurement model was more effective to assess youth entrepreneurship potential in the context of Mindanao, Philippines.

Cynthia Lai's presentation at the Annual IFAMA Symposium 2014. Source: www.ifama.org

This article is not open access, but please email us to receive a full-text copy privately.

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